Supportive Housing is a generic term used to describe a variety of housing models that have supportive services. Supportive housing was developed to offer support to people with special needs, such as mental illness, AIDS, and substance abuse histories. It may be developed to meet the needs of a particular population, such as people with mental illness, or low income working people and a mixed special needs tenancy. The housing may be located in a single building (commonly called congregate housing) or apartments scattered throughout many buildings (scattered site housing). Common to all supportive housing options is the availability of a social service team for residents, located either on or off-site, generally consisting of social workers, paraprofessional case management staff and a consulting psychiatrist. Typically, a not-for-profit social service organization will provide the social services.
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